Tata Motors Profit & Loss account, Tata Motors Financial Statement & Accounts

The justified EV/EBITDA based on fundamentals bears a positive relationship to the first factor and an inverse relationship to the second. EBIT stands for Earnings Before Interest and Taxes and is among the final subtotals in the earnings statement before internet income. EBIT is also typically referred to as working revenue and is called this because it is found by deducting all working expenses (production and non-production prices) from sales income. Analysts have a look at many various measures of performance when assessing an organization as an funding. The mostly used measures of efficiency are gross sales and net income progress.

Now if a company generates a ROCE greater than 22.9% then the company is creating value at a rate greater than the rate of return we calculated above and could be a target for shortlisting for investments. If the ROCE of a company is greater than the WACC then the company is said to generating value for its shareholders and it is advised that the shareholders finance officer salary continue to hold the company in their portfolio. The NOPAT or the Net Operating Profit After Taxes are calculated on the basis of two key inputs, EBIT and the TAX rate. In India, we have a corporate tax rate of approximately 30% for companies with revenues greater than ₹250Cr and around 20% for companies with revenues less than ₹250Cr.

Income Tax Filing

NOPAT unveils the operational efficiency of a business which is sometimes not clear when only the net income is being considered to analyze a business. Also, progress towards evolving the EV ecosystem through Ather, its own product launches and Gogoro , exclusive dealers and ICE cum EV dealers should continue. To calculate exit P/E at the end of 5 yrs, we need to discount the remaining 15 yrs (FY 2028 – FY 2042) of cash flow and terminal value.

nopat formula

With other financial metrics, the comparison isn’t that simple and accurate. In the denominator, we use invested capital, for which we start with the net working capital by subtracting the current liabilities from the current assets. We then subtract the cash which is in excess on the books from the net working capital.

Is Nopat the same as unlevered net income?

The first formula is a simpler version and provides a NOPAT estimate while the second formula is more complex and is more accurate in comparison. All efforts have been made to ensure the information provided here is accurate. Please verify with scheme information document before making any investment.

A good net profit indicates that the company is in good health and is actually making money. It is an important number for investors and financial institutions to evaluate the financial health of the company. It tells you more clearly how much cash the company has left in hand after paying off all their dues and bills.


Its automation and reporting features enable your business to make sense of the data. TallyPrime is a complete solution that enables you to record every transaction about your business and derive a wealth of meaning from it so better decisions can be made. Please read the scheme information and other related documents carefully before investing. Please consider your specific investment requirements before choosing a fund, or designing a portfolio that suits your needs. The major objective of Economic Value Added is to quantify the cost, or charge, of Investing capital into a specific firm or project.

EBIT and NOPAT are used to easily compare two or more businesses that operate in the same industry. EBIT is calculated by subtracting operating expenses from revenue and adding non-operating income. NOPAT and EBIT are different because NOPAT throws light on the operating profits after taxes while EBIT shows how much your business is making minus the interest expenses and taxes. ROIC is considered a better indicator of value creation since it essentially does away with the shortcomings of ratios such as ROA and ROE. It considers total operating profit to both equity and debt, unlike ROE which just focuses on returns to equity shareholders.

Are NOPAT and EBIT the same?

In case the EVA of a company is negative, it will define that the company is not creating value from the invested funds. On the other hand, a positive EVA shows that the company is competent enough to create adequate value from the invested funds. Generally, EVA can be referred to as an economic profit, considering that it helps to capture the real economic profit of a firm. The blog posts/articles on our website are purely the author's personal opinion. The content in these posts/articles is for informational and educational purposes only and should not be construed as professional financial advice.

Depending on the underlying causes of a adverse return, poor performance may be an indicator of inefficient management or an ineffective enterprise model. Looking at long-time period efficiency trends — whether the company has constantly grown its return on fairness, or if it has decreased it over time — might help to find out long-term growth potential. In some cases, an organization with a negative return might be a great alternative, if different features of its monetary situation show the prospect of longer-term development.

When comparing EBITDA and Operating Expenses, one metric isn’t necessarily better than the other. It serves little purpose, then, if EBIDA isn’t a normal measure to trace, compare, analyze and forecast.

Net of tax methods can be important within the investment and financial planning world. Often analysts pit companies’ profit after tax against other companies in the same market segment to compare the health of businesses. This figure is also used in other ratios and complex equations such as profit-after-tax margin, which gives a more objective and detailed look of the company.

Highlights of Profit After Tax

Even if you agree with this, the market has already priced it to perfection and the only returns you will make is due to earnings growth but that will reduce due to slight P/E de-rating. Let’s assume you have a decent holding horizon and you may want to exit the business either 5 yrs or 10 yrs from now. The ROIC percentage should be greater than the WACC percentage in order for the firm to be generating capital and adding value for its investors. ROCE is useful while comparing the performance of different companies that are in capital-intensive sectors such as utilities and telecoms. This indicates better financial performance for those companies which have significant debt.

In this case, the cash flows will be different as profit growth is 10% with 34% ROCE unlike the original scenario presented where growth was 7% and ROCE 34%. Now being a retail Indian investor with portfolios ranging from a few lakhs to a few crores we would like to compound our wealth at 12% at least (the long-term average of NIFTY after-tax returns). The net operating profit is often called EBIT whereas the adjusted taxes can be replaced by the effective tax rate in which the EBIT is multiplied by (1 - Tax Rate(%) / 100) to get the numerator.

In some businesses, the treasury staff might have done something that has impacted the capital structure of a business. As NOPAT doesn’t consider this aspect, it doesn’t fully uncover the potential of a business. This is particularly true for businesses that might have made changes that can eventually lead to better cash flow and which are different from those employed by the competitor of that business.